The first visit to the dentist

During the child’s growth, control since childhood and regularly can ensure healthy teeth for life.

A proper dental care should begin even before the first tooth appears. Remember that you cannot see the child’s teeth do not mean they are not there. In fact the teeth are formed in the first trimester but appear only during the first year of life. Grooming the child’s teeth should begin from the eruption, around 6-9 months.

Dentists recommend that the first dental visit is from the first year of life. In it you can detect possible dental problems and explain to the child while entertaining and simple way how to care and clean his teeth.

Then about two and a half years, when they have already appeared every child’s teeth, applying fluoride in the teeth of children is recommended. This helps harden tooth enamel and protect against cavities.

As important as the visit to the dentist is to teach your child to brush their teeth at least twice daily with a brush and water, Then, during the child’s growth and has four years when you can start using child tooth paste, 400 or 500 ppm fluoride, ideally one with a pleasant taste to children and in small quantity.

It is also important to know that the teeth are as important as permanent teeth and must be treated in case of decay because its infection can alter the growth of the teeth underneath.   Finally, from the first visit to the dentist for your child, it is advisable to carry it reviews once or twice a year.

Growing child

Tips for first teeth of the child:

After tooth eruption, caution should be exercised with the night nursing can contribute to early decay.

  • If your child has a habit of finger sucking (thumb sucking), try to substitute pacifier without smear with sweeteners, avoiding overuse and remove it while sleeping.
  • The pacifier NOT is sucked by adults, as this favors the transmission of cariogenic flora.
  • Start brushing from tooth eruption (6-9 months), without pasta, with a soft brush or coronet.
  • After the year should not be offered nightly bottle; if necessary for medical reasons, you wash your child’s teeth after consumption.
  • At 2 years must be removed the bottle and start using cup or glass. – Three years should be deleted pacifier entertainment.
  • At 4 years, you can use fresh toothpaste, in small quantities, with brushed supervised by adults.
  • After 6 years can use fluoridated toothpaste with 1000-1500 ppm of fluoride

The first visit of a child to the dentist

The dentist is the professional responsible for maintaining the health and cures the disorders that we can have in the mouth and teeth. A positive attitude in parents and a visit before dental problems arise facilitate confidence and bringing the child to the consultation dental. The first visit to the dentist should be between 1 and 3 years old. Parents should not expect to detect any alteration or your child has pain, because in this visit the dentist will not only try so early but any alteration you can detect a problem that can be prevented.

It is positively a visit where the child you are not practicing any treatment because it helps this start cordial and trusting relationship with the dental professional and generally taking care of their teeth . Unlike what many parents, the first teeth, but then they are replaced by the final, should be treated when they have cavities because its infection can cause alterations in the germ of the permanent tooth underneath.

Can also occur problems for space for the permanent teeth as premature loss means that there is a gap in the gum longer than necessary, so that the teeth can move and occupy neighboring leaving no space future permanent tooth to erupt. From the first visit should bring the child to reviews twice a year.

In the first visit to the dental clinic the parents must accompany the child and be present during it. Normally, when the dentist asks the child to do something, it looks around the approval of their parents and the child’s response difficult. Therefore, in successive visits, parents should not move to the area of the dental chair so that the dentist can establish a direct relationship with the child, which will facilitate the child’s responses in the dental office.

For the child does not feel abandoned, it is good strategy to let the mother or cloth bag in view of the small which guarantees that the mother is waiting outside. If despite this the child cries parents should not worry because it is a normal reaction to the unknown. The dentist will know how to appease this behavior and make the child do not panic.

Many children cry to demand the presence of parents, do not enter the office, and let the professional handle the situation. We know that if It requires our presence dentist will tell us. If the child misbehaves we reward their attitude to reinforce this behavior. Otherwise it is not recommended punishing as this would increase the negative feeling that the child has with the dental visit.

The importance the attitude of the parents, the attitude and comments from parents before going to the dentist are quickly captured by children. Therefore parents have a great responsibility in the child image becomes his first visit to the dentist. The first contact with the dentist is very important to the future attitude of the child because it will affect its behavior in successive visits to the dental office. There is a specialty called Dentistry, so you should always seek professional dental health to meet your children.

The effects of sodium on teeth

Soft drink consumption has increased dramatically in the last 50 years, and has many negative effects on the health of an individual. Teenagers, in particular, to obtain 40% of their calories from sugar sodas, consume twice as much milk, drinking this combination of corn syrup, dye, acid, and caffeine is harmful to body parts, between the teeth.

It is a common misconception that the main reason soda is bad for your teeth is the extra sugar. Although corn syrup does not damage the teeth, the real dangers are carbonic acid and phosphoric acid in soft drinks. These acids are dissolved calcium in the enamel that protects teeth from bacteria. When calcium is broken, the bacteria enter the teeth and eat away at them.

Teeth may begin to decay very quickly, depending on the rate of sodium intake. It’s very likely that a person taking one or more drinks per day on a regular basis can damage teeth somehow. The first step is softening around the teeth enamel. When the enamel is weakened, the bacteria begin to feed on sugar in soft drinks and multiplying. This leads to a buildup of plaque which can cause caries and sensitive teeth. People with poor oral hygiene are more likely to develop tooth decay because they are not doing anything to prevent plaque buildup.

Here are some good strategies to prevent tooth damage. First, limit your intake of sodium. This may seem obvious, but it is important to reduce the amount of acid that is being carried out on a regular basis. If you are going to drink soft drinks, drinks with meals, so that the acid can be partially neutralized by food particles. Avoid drinking soda before going to sleep, as the saliva, which helps neutralize acids not produced as during sleep.

Methods that can limit their contact with the enamel acid include taking quick sips of soda, and drink with a straw. A good way to neutralize the acid in the mouth after drinking a soda is swish your mouth with water or a fluoride rinse and chewing gum without sugar. Another strategy would be to brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste half hour before drinking soda for teeth are better protected.

Soft drink consumption has a very damaging effect on teeth and is important to be aware of the dangers of acids and sugars. Through precise measurements can drink soda with minimal damage to the teeth, but the best thing is just to get refreshments.

The duties of a dentist

A dentist is a doctor who diagnoses, treats and prevents the mouth, gums and dental problems. Sometimes they are entering specialized forms of dentistry. There are also many types of specialized options to choose from. Regular dentistry includes many services. They treat tooth decay and use preventive measures to delay or stop tooth decay measurements. They will also take X-rays of the teeth to examine them for any problems.

Sealants are placed on the teeth to protect them. They can also fix broken or chipped teeth and perform procedures such as filling teeth and root canals running. They can prescribe prostheses and organize production and assembly thereof. You can get advice from them on how to brush properly and use dental floss and anything else you can do to prevent tooth decay.

In case of problems not covered in this broad spectrum, usually refer you to a specialist. You will be referred to a periodontics, if you have gum disease, bone or other tissues that support the teeth. If you want to have reconstructive surgery done, these specialists ensure that the base is sufficient for crowns, dentures or bridges.

They also provide services such as rebuilding the gums or bones. Prosthodontics relates to the repair of natural teeth. They have to do with the replacement of missing teeth. So its area of expertise is usually the uses of artificial teeth are dentures or implants. So they do the crowns or caps. His area of expertise includes the installation of bridges. This is the procedure in which a partial denture or implants used are used to fill the gaps.

Orthodontics specialized in the restoration of teeth using appliances. They will use clips or staples to improve the function and appearance of the teeth. These are also used to adjust the teeth aesthetically e.g. to straighten crooked teeth. Maxillofacial surgeons make oral surgery for a variety of conditions. Remove pieces of broken jaw teeth.

They also handle the extraction of teeth that are buried in the gums. If there is a need for you to have your wisdom teeth, this will be done by this type of surgeon. This applies in particular if the wisdom teeth are buried near the nerve to ensure that no nerve damage when the tooth is extracted.

They will also help to prepare the jaw for the implants to be used. They also do surgery to restore jaw out of place. This happens, for example, those having a protruding jaw and this causes complications with the positioning of the teeth.

You may not be able to chew are not aligned correctly as the upper and lower teeth. You may also discover that your dentist is able to provide most of these treatments. Many people have never raced such specialists as dentists often make required, except in the case of bone surgery the same treatment.

The disadvantages that infest dentists

Dentists are generally very satisfied with their careers. They are often able to dictate your own hours and make a decent living. Are they capable of improving the health and lifestyle of their patients, improving their oral health and reduce discomfort. They also have the opportunity to work in a group or solo practice independently. However, there are drawbacks and disadvantages of working with people mouths all day.

Dentists have to do with poor hygiene of the patient. As physicians, the profession offers closely with areas of the body of a patient, which can easily become ill due to the negligence or poor personal hygiene. Many people neglect their oral hygiene and visit the dentist only when absolutely necessary. Many people find that offensive bad breath. Imagine the situation of a professional oral hygiene that has to do with it all day, every day.

The detailed nature of the work and the position of the patient’s mouth, it often means that dentists have to work long hours in uncomfortable positions. Chairs and other devices are designed to keep the patient as comfortable as possible access to care, professional oral teeth and gums. However, dental professionals still double the mouth and hold hands at odd angles for many hours at a time.

The oral cavity is a sensitive place full of body fluids. Saliva and blood can easily bacteria and viruses. Accidental exposure to blood in the mouth of a patient may also expose dentists for HIV and hepatitis. It is important for everyone working within the oral cavity, to take the necessary precautions to ward off evil.

The path to becoming a doctor is long and difficult tooth. Much time and hard to learn all about the anatomy and physiology needed to be good at your job work is needed. Do not enter this profession if you are not willing to devote the time and pay the course.

Another difficult thing about being a dentist has to deal with a specific population of patients who have panic and visit. While many people are nervous about going to the doctor, it is much more common than is absolutely afraid of getting dental work. This means that dentists have a unique population of patients who have panic and visit. As such, usually they reach only when absolutely necessary, and not regularly follow an opinion provided. This can be very frustrating for a professional oral health, which is trying to improve the oral health of their patients and hygiene.

As such, it is important to consider these factors, if or when you are considering a career in dentistry. Assess and weigh the pros and cons to determine if this type of work is suitable for your personality and career goals.

The descriptions of the types of dentists

Dentists ensure that patients receive the care needed for the teeth, gums and mouth. There are general dentists and nine different specialties within the field of dentistry. The types of dentists are general, pediatric dentists, Endodontic, orthodontists, oral pathologists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, prosthodontics and periodontitis.

General dentist

Most dentists practice general dentistry, they manage and treat many conditions dental different. A general dentist diagnoses and treats diseases affecting the teeth and oral tissues. Examining patients, see X-rays, eliminates caries dental and fills the cavities. A general dentist also provides advice to patients on how to avoid problems dental in the future. A often instruct patients on proper brushing, the use of thread teeth , the use of fluorides and eating well.

Pediatric dentist

A pediatric dentist specializes in treating infants, children, adolescents and people with special needs. It provides basic and complex preventive care and treats a variety of dental conditions.


An endodontic focuses on the structure, composition and condition of the periodical tissues and dental pulp. Examines patients and aims to prevent injuries and illnesses, Carries out treatment procedures, such as root canal therapy.


An orthodontist focuses on straightening teeth using pressure and artificial materials such as brakes. Diagnoses and corrects dental and skeletal abnormalities and focuses on prevention and treatment.

Dental public health specialist

The dental public health specialists focus on the prevention and management of dental disease and promoting good dental health within a community. A specialist in dental public health focuses on the community, rather than in individual patients.

Oral and maxillofacial pathologist

An oral and maxillofacial pathologist works to diagnose a variety of oral and maxillofacial diseases. Identifies the causes of oral and maxillofacial conditions and the affects they have on patients. It performs a variety of tasks and performs research to understand the clinical tests, microscopic and biochemical aspects of oral and maxillofacial diseases.

Oral and maxillofacial surgeon

An oral and maxillofacial surgeon performs surgical procedures on teeth, gums, jaw, mouth, head and neck. Diagnosed conditions, diseases and injuries that affect the function and appearance of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region.

Oral and maxillofacial radiologist

The oral and maxillofacial radiologist uses radiological procedures and imaging technology to diagnose conditions and diseases affecting the head and neck. Interprets the images and a treatment plan is developed with other dental professionals.


A prosthodontics replaces or repairs teeth with permanent fixtures and artificial removable including crowns, bridges and dentures. It focuses on improving oral function and appearance of patients suffering from damaged and missing teeth and oral disease.


A periodontics focuses on the gums and bone that support the teeth. Diagnoses and treats diseases affecting the structures and tissues surrounding the teeth and provides advice to patients to maintain health, function and appearance.

The dentist explains the proven benefits of chewing gum

When we feed, saliva flow increases, making it possible mastication, and enabling the same way eating food. Saliva addition to all this, a protective effect met. Saliva can neutralize all acids when we eat carbohydrates that reduce the pH we accumulate in our mouths; it is possible to remove all traces of food residues that remain attached after each meal.

Lately people have become aware of all this and becoming much more demand there sugarless gum; even people have made ​​it a habit to take this type of “goodies”. Chewing gum is good to freshen breath, for cleaning the mouth after meals, to strengthen the teeth, plus our mouths to make them feel good in general, throughout the day. The combination of saliva together with the gum (sugar), enables promote salivary flow, which is achieved satisfactorily neutralize acids that could be considered critical.

What means higher salivary flow?

For individuals, increased salivation or salivary flow means greatly reducing the risk of developing tooth decay food we eat. After each meal, the PH living in plaque becomes more acid, after a period of time, which greatly affects the teeth, making them much weaker and also making them more susceptible to dental caries. Granada chewing gum Studies made in the European Union, they took place over two years to a sample of children between the third and fifth year, considering they were much more prone to cavities because they do not drink fluoridated water, but used on daily basis fluoridated toothpaste, of commercially available. Children of said sample are separated into groups, one active control, and the other negative control, which did not consume sugarless gum. The active control group was required to consume the sugarless chewing gum daily, for about twenty minutes after each meal. Evaluations at baseline were made, establishing a baseline. After analyzing the first and second year this behavior, the goal was obviously to determine the number of restored, lost or decayed teeth present.

After the first year, the resultant of the show was that this group of children who consumed chewing gum with sorbitol had less caries (ranging between 41.7%) compared to the control group of children who did not consume the end sorbitol gum.

White spot lesions

The study dental health conducted the experiment came to see that the white spot lesions were also verified in both groups of positive and negative control, coming to show a reduction of about 43.6% compared with the control group, after a year of completed the sample. Once reached two years, it was possible to register that in relation to the negative group, the reduction of caries came to 33.1%, plus reductions bright spot, which reached 38.7%.

The study was conclusive; the results spoke for themselves in that day three pieces of gum chewing, it was not very difficult. The results said, in short, that students and teachers can find benefits in that such experiments were positively affects their school curriculum, so that more schools should commit to it.


The dentist in Granada therefore advised to follow the instructions of dentists on the appropriate type of gum, for each dental treatment. In short, both saliva and chewing gum is good for preventing cavities or greatly reduce their risks, but we must not dispense entirely with the usual controls in dental clinics in your city where you live. Also, do not forget the importance of daily dental hygiene to keep your mouth healthy and free of cavities

The cosmetic dentist can do wonders for your smile

A cosmetic dentist specializing in a number of procedures that, when executed will be useful to improve the way the teeth look. Of course, a visit to the dentist is something you do not eat for fear of pain and the tools to get someone in the mouth. Still, you should not feel any fear, because when it comes to cosmetic procedures, the professional performing these procedures is competent enough to do so without causing growing unease and at the same time help make your teeth shine like pearls. What’s more, these people are also very competent in fixing braces straighten teeth and veneers. They may, in fact, perform a variety of procedures without causing any discomfort to the patient.

The main reason is worth undergoing such procedures it is that not only means improving the way your teeth look, but it also means you can experience many other procedures. These include fillings and root canal work and to get a crown placed in the mouth.

This is a type of dentistry, which over time has gained in popularity, and this is due to the fact that the work the unprofessional cosmetic dentist will make your teeth whiter and brighter. A smile is an important aspect of the personality of the people and can really impress people, especially when your teeth look perfect and absolutely white. That’s why it’s worth getting the job done on the teeth as the teeth, and then it will be much straighter and whiter and more attractive.

These factors, in turn, help you look better and why people do not mind paying for such work. Another reason to undergo such procedures is that our eating habits are changing and are different from those of ten to twenty years back. These changes have resulted in many problems, such as obesity and see teeth fall earlier than due. Tooth decay is another common problem whose main cause is the wrong type of food you eat today. This means that many more people today who need to correct problems such as loss of teeth and dental caries.

This is the reason we need to see a dentist who can help replace missing teeth and solve problems such as cavities. Fortunately, you can have these problems and is replaced modern dental professional can do it without too much difficulty. What’s more, the replacement of missing teeth is not a big problem, and if it is a single lost tooth or a set these can be easily replaced with the help of computer. Dental implants also a very natural appearance and is hard to say that they are not the originals.

For those who want their teeth shine the best option for them is to visit a cosmetic dentist. First, you should make an appointment at the first visit and then you can describe the problem and the doctor will perform a checkup and determine the best way to solve the problem. It will give you an action plan to be evaluated to see if the costs are within your budget and if the end result will be desirable. Based on what the plan can do for you, you can decide to go ahead or you can expand your search to other professional.

The correct way to care for your teeth

Teeth are very strong and will be there forever if proper dental hygiene is running constantly. Dentists recommend a good brushing and flossing at least once a day in the office and routine cleanings twice a year. Tooth decay and gum disease can be easily prevented with good care of the teeth, preventing tooth loss. We commonly refer to as cavity “decay”. Cavities are the result of the presence of bacteria on the teeth. A bacterium in plaque exists that develop teeth.

Plaque is the sticky, hard white coating, which is constantly developing in the teeth. When the natural bacteria in the mouth combine with saliva and food residue remaining in the mouth, the result is the natural development of the plate, as you consume foods heavy in starch or sugar, can produce acids that will take away the enamel that covers the teeth.

If you are continually exposed to the plate, enamel may fail, leading to a cavity. Gum disease can also be caused by excess plaque. Brushing and flossing daily can help remove most of the plate, but any plate that moves over time will become a hardened form called tartar. Gingivitis, the first stage of gum disease may be occurring if the gums express blood or enlarged during cleaning. Gingivitis is the first step in the path of periodontitis. Periodontitis is the term used to describe the condition in which the openings or pockets formed where the rubber meets the teeth.

This is because the gums are detached or separated from the teeth. These bags are grown infected. If this problem is not treated quickly gum and connective tissue around the teeth are destroyed, and it is possible that teeth can fall out. Personal proper hygiene dental cleaning in line with the office of a dentist prevents plaque under control.

Proper brushing includes using the short side to side a bit of an angle on the teeth movements. Brush your teeth at least two minutes; clean the interior, exterior and brushing the chewing surfaces of the tongue. The teeth are devoid of bacteria and bad breath. A good brushing twice a day is acceptable, but dentists recommend brushing after every meal.

The experts agree that the toothbrush should have soft bristles. The toothbrush should be replaced every three months or so, but must do so sooner if the bristles are showing excessive wear. Many people believe that the key to good dental health is an electric toothbrush. While electric toothbrushes do a good job, the only way to get the job done is to brush regularly and use the cable or other device to enter the spaces between the teeth.

Get expert advice on how to floss more efficient follows, before presenting a series of cable between two teeth. Then move the floss up and down a few times between the teeth, pulling the thread that embraces the tooth to the gum line.

Be sure to discard the old piece of floss and get a new one every time you move to a new section for flossing. You may want to try the cable is waxing. This helps to more easily slide between teeth. If you have trouble properly maintain and use cable, see your dentist or hygienist what the best approach if a wire support would be more effective. If you’re starting to floss once again after quitting for a while, you may need to experiment with bleeding gums become sore, if it persists, see your dentist.

Consuming sweets or sugary drinks, sweet snacks instead of meals and healthy snacks creates a breeding ground for tooth decay. This prolongs the teeth are exposed to the acids in food. However, there are several food options you can do to help prevent cavities. You can neutralize the acid that damages the tooth enamel by eating cheese after eating sugary foods.

To stimulate saliva and wash the remains of food, crunchy snacks apples or pears as its high water content helps to dilute some sugar. Another way to stimulate the production of saliva is chewing sugarless gum. Milk, yogurt and other dairy products can make a lot of calcium, as well as green leafy vegetables and supplements that will give teeth stronger, it ‘important to use fluoride toothpaste that protects against cavities.

Most domestic water contains fluoride, but for those who are not so lucky, you can get a fluoride treatment for the teeth at the dentist or use a fluoride rinse. It is advisable to have a dental checkup twice a year if you have good teeth. In addition to regular cleaning, you should call your dentist if you have bleeding gums a change in bite or if you experience discomfort. By practicing good oral hygiene and regular checkups, you can maintain strong and healthy teeth for years.

The correct way of brushing teeth

Before you begin, it is important to select the correct brush teeth. Ideally, the best toothbrush for cleaning teeth is a toothbrush with soft bristles with a small head – the softest bristles and the smallest of the head, the better.

Why soft bristles?

The common mistake with toothbrushes stiff bristles that cleans better than toothbrushes with soft bristles. After all, if a stiff brush better clean my toilet, would not the same be true of a toothbrush? Well, the teeth are not your cup and brush your teeth with a stiff brush and very strongly are very abrasive. Even the tooth enamel – the hardest substance in the human body – is not able to withstand this type of abrasive action. Eventually they wear out and expose the yellow underlying dentin. This is not only bad for your teeth, but makes it aesthetically displeasing.

Because small heads

The idea of ​​brushing is to be able to get your toothbrush around all exposed surfaces of the teeth to remove plaque bacteria buildup. The teeth are approximately cylindrical in shape and arranged along a U-shaped arch If the toothbrush head is too large, the bristles will never be able to reach the entire interior of the cavity, or to effectively clean the area between the teeth. If the toothbrush is not good, you cannot brush your teeth properly.

Brushing technique:

Position toothbrush

Imagine an imaginary plane that runs vertically through the center of the teeth. I want to do is tilt the bristle brush teeth that are at 45 degrees to this plane. Point your hairs on the margin where the teeth meet the gums, because it is the place where plaque starts to accumulate before.

Motion toothbrush

The movements that you do with your brush should be something like a roll or small circular movements that do not exceed the size of each tooth. Work the brush from the gingival margin to the edge of his teeth biting.

Be systematic

Start on the right side of the upper jaw on the surfaces of the teeth facing the cheek. Focus on each tooth brushing and move along a tooth at a time until they end on the left side of the upper arch.

Move the brush to the inner face of the upper jaw and repeat the same process. When approaching the curve of her arch (usually around the canine-premolar region), turn the blade 90 degrees so that the brush is vertical, with the handle down to the ground. This helps you reach between teeth more effectively. Continue to clean each tooth to reach the left side of the upper arch.

Repeat the same actions for the lower arch.

Scrub the chewing surfaces of the teeth, especially the molars, to remove food debris that have been made in the slots.


Remember to use light pressure while brushing. The plate is easily discarded with a toothbrush and requires oil elbow (unlike the slag in the water). While there is no contact between the toothbrush and teeth, it is not enough pressure can be applied.

Do not you forget to floss?

Even with the best brushing technique, you will not be able to effectively clean the surfaces between the teeth. Only through daily cleaning of the teeth can be achieved. Therefore the process of cleaning teeth is not complete until you floss your teeth.