Thanks to the advantages offered by modern orthodontics, treatments are increasingly faster, more efficient and simpler. These brackets have a special mechanism of closure (clip), which means that the wire does not have to be held in the slot by ligatures, rubbers or garters, making the forces that are exerted much softer than with traditional brackets, making orthodontics more comfortable for you. And in addition to reducing friction reviews can be done every 8-10 weeks instead of every 4 or 5, which makes it ideal for the treatment of adults.
Our clinic uses the Damon orthodontics, which is the most advanced bracket orthodontic system. It is characterized by not using any ligature to join the bracket to the metal arch, so that it is free inside the bracket and, therefore, the movement of the tooth is done in a free and physiological way, avoiding in this way and in almost all cases having to perform dental extractions.
What is a self-ligating bracket? O What is orthodontics with self-ligating brackets?
Orthodontics moves the teeth through forces exerted on them by arcs with elastic memory, which are transmitted to the tooth with an intermediate element called Bracket. In conventional orthodontics, metallic or elastic ligatures (transparent, gray or colored gummies) join the arches to the brackets. Since the brackets are attached to the tooth, when the arch recovers its shape, it drags the tooth-bracket assembly together to place the teeth in their ideal place.
But rubber bands lose their strength, stain and change color, so you have to change them often or each appointment. In addition, they retain many foods and bacterial plaque.
Both the rubbers and the metal ligatures have an added problem, which generate a lot of friction, that is, friction between the wire and the bracket, when the tooth moves, which slows the movement of the teeth (and therefore lengthens the treatment) and forces to use more intense forces to move the teeth, something that generates more pressure sensation in patients.
The evolution and revolution of the last ten years in orthodontics, in addition to invisible orthodontics with Envisaging and lingual orthodontics, has come hand in hand with self-ligating brackets, which have advantages for both the orthodontist and the patient.
The Damon brackets have managed to reduce the treatment time and eliminate in some cases the need to extract teeth. These are state-of-the-art brackets that, combined with high-tech wires, create a system of light forces and low friction that allows tooth movement to be faster and more efficient.
What is orthodontics?
Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that is responsible for the correction of incorrectly positioned teeth and bones. The teeth in bad position and those that do not bite correctly against each other are difficult to maintain clean, run risks of early loss due to caries and periodontal diseases, and cause extra tension on the muscles of chewing that can generate headaches, ATM syndrome and various pains in the neck, shoulders and back. In addition, the teeth turned or positioned incorrectly detract from our appearance.
Orthodontic treatments have the advantage of providing us with a healthy mouth, a pleasant-looking smile and teeth that are more likely to last a lifetime.
Does Orthodontics Hurt?
Normally during the first 2-3 days of the placement of orthodontic appliances tend to feel certain dental discomfort that does not require the taking of painkiller.
Sometimes friction may appear on the inside of the cheeks as a process of adaptation to the appliance but they heal within a week. To avoid this, the use of orthodontic wax is convenient: it is placed on the appliance in such a way that the contact between the bracket and the mucosa softens.
During the treatment, when changing the arches it is common to spend a few days in which the teeth are especially sensitive when biting.
How often should I go to the Orthodontist?
Once the orthodontic treatment is started, visits are usually every 4-6 weeks and are usually short appointments of 15-20 minutes.
At what age can an orthodontic treatment be started?
There are treatments of interceptive orthodontics (whose objective is to “intercept” a problem that is brewing and that can trigger others if it is not solved) and to advance to orthopedics (it has as objective to influence the growth of the bones that lodge the teeth) that begin at an early age, usually from 5-6 years or even earlier. Most corrective orthodontic treatments with multibracket appliances start later, about 12 years, when all permanent teeth have erupted. An orthodontic treatment can be carried out at any age, there is no age limit to correct a malocclusion (bad bite).
Once the treatment is finished, is the position of the teeth permanent?
If the retention indications are followed properly, the results are stable over time in the vast majority of cases. However, the teeth are susceptible to the forces exerted on them (chewing, tongue, lips, habits … etc.) and can move throughout life regardless of whether or not an orthodontic treatment has been performed. In general, there is a tendency for the lower incisors (front teeth below) to bunch up over the years, regardless of whether or not there has been orthodontic treatment. Some dental malposition’s have a greater tendency than others to relapse (relapse, generally isolated, from the bad position of the tooth).
Is there an age limit for orthodontics?
There is no age limit to perform orthodontic treatment, it can be both in adulthood and in childhood and regardless of the seriousness of the problem.
How long does an orthodontic treatment last?
The total time of orthodontic treatment depends on the problem to be treated, the type of appliance, how the appliance is cared for, the speed at which the teeth move … In general it varies from a few months (6-8 months) in the simplest cases up to 24 or 30 months in the most complicated cases.
Can my teeth deteriorate with orthodontics?
No. Orthodontics does not harm the teeth, but bacterial plaque does. If during the treatment the hygiene is deficient and the indications are not followed neither it goes to the appointments of control there is risk that the enamel undergoes decalcifications, of that they appear cavities or of which the gums ignite (gingivitis). That is why we insist so much and dedicate so much time to hygiene instructions and controls.
Can I eat anything once I’m in treatment?
In general, you should avoid hard and sticky things like nuts or chewing gum.